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Good memory is what is engaged with our past. It's our way of communicating with others and knowing our identity. Having a good memory is a quality humans take for granted. This quality can be lost for people diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease’s dementia. It is important to have an idea about this disease to increase the treatment chances. Greater hope is connected to the power of knowledge.
What is Parkinson’s Dementia?
Parkinson’s disease dementia is directly related to the decline in reasoning and thinking that develops in many Parkinson’s patients at least a year after diagnosis. Parkinson’s disease leads to brain changes, starting in the region responsible for body movement, thus leading to early symptoms such as muscle stiffness, tremors, stooped posture, and shakiness. Those brain changes begin to affect mental functions such as planning the steps needed to complete the task, memory, making judgments, and the ability to pay attention. There is an abnormal deposit composed chiefly of alpha-synuclein, which is a protein found in the brain. That deposit is a result of the brain changes caused by Parkinson’s disease dementia. That deposit was named “Lewy bodies” after the neurologist Fredrick H. Lewy M.D, who discovered them during the early 1900s.
Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is one of the brain disorders related to Lewy bodies. Many people with Parkinson’s disease and DLB suffer from tangles and plaques - hallmark brain changes that are linked to Alzheimer's disease.
The Prevalence of Parkinson’s Dementia
Parkinson’s disease is estimated to affect about 2% of those above the age of 65 as it is a common neurological disorder in older adults. Estimations done by The National Parkinson’s Foundation show that by the year 2020 about one million Americans will have Parkinson’s disease. Some recent studies based on following the entire course of people with Parkinson’s estimate that dementia can occur to 50-80% of those with the disease.
What are the Causes and Risk Factors of Parkinson’s Dementia?
As Parkinson’s disease progresses, about 50 to 80 percent of those patients experience dementia. Based on the reports of some studies, the average time from Parkinson’s onset to developing dementia is about ten years. Some of the factors that would increase future dementia risks during the time of Parkinson’s diagnosis would be the greater severity of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) as well as motor systems.
Other risk factors include:
Excessive sleepiness during daytime.
Postural instability is a Parkinson’s symptom pattern that includes freezing, difficulty.with initiating movement, balancing and falling problems, and shuffling.
Presence of hallucinations before having dementia symptoms.
What are Parkinson’s Dementia Symptoms?
Some of the common symptoms of Parkinson’s dementia would be:
Changes in concentration, memory, and judgment.
Delusions and paranoid ideas.
Irritability depression and anxiety.
Rapid eye movement sleep disorder.
Diagnosis of Parkinson’s Disease Dementia.
Determining that a person has Parkinson’s disease dementia is not a conclusive process done by a single test or a combination of tests. Some guideline for diagnosing DLB would be:
Dementia symptoms do not appear in people with Parkinson’s until a year later or more. Patients usually have symptoms related to movement.
Medication and Treatment for Parkinson’s Dementia
Today’s strategies tend to focus on improving symptoms, as there are no treatments to stop or slow the damage of the cell caused by Parkinson’s. In case the treatment plan included medication, working closely with the physician to identify the drugs that work best for you is very important.
One of the prescriptions given to Parkinson’s patients would be carbidopa-levodopa. This type of medication can cause hallucination and confusion.
Cholinesterase inhibitors are drugs used to treat cognitive changes in Alzheimer’s. Those treatments include visual hallucinations, changes in behavior,overthinking, and sleep disturbances.
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an option for treating people with Parkinson’s disease. Recently, a clinical study suggested that we need further research to determine if the process is safe.(SSRIs) which stand for selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors are used to treat depression that is a common symptom in both DLB and Parkinson’s disease dementia.
You should avoid using Antipsychotic drugs that are prescribed to treat behavioral symptoms such as haloperidol, fluphenazine, or thioridazine). The worsening of Parkinson’s symptoms is a common thing with 60 percent of people with DLB.
As mentioned, at the end of every dark road, there is hope. Many strategies used to treat Parkinson’s disease are not effective for everyone. You can take medical drugs to reduce some of the symptoms. Also, early diagnosis can have a major effect on the quality of the treatment. Not only that, as technology has played a very effective role in creating ways to reduce the tremors associated with PD symptoms. The Steadi-Two glove can help. This very effective glove uses cutting-edge technology to reduce your tremors. The Steadi-Two glove includes a smart fluid that stiffens and works with a counterweight designed to reduce your tremors.